Julie Hess, Ph.D., is director of scientific affairs at National Dairy Council. In this role, she is responsible for translating and communicating important research for the academic community, health professionals and the public. Hess holds a doctoral degree in nutrition from the University of Minnesota. Her dissertation focused on the role of dairy foods in healthy eating patterns, the impact of mushroom consumption on the gut microbiota, and snacking. Julie also holds Bachelor of Arts degrees in French and English from the University of Texas at Austin. She is an active member and volunteer with several nutrition and scientific organizations, including the American Society for Nutrition and the Institute of Food Technologists.